Dance Forms Of World

Dance is one of the most beautiful forms of art that has grown. Dance is no longer just a hobby; it is also one of the professions as well! There are different dance forms all over the world like:- Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Manipuri, Mohiniatam, Odissi, Ballroom Dancing, Aerobics, Cha-Cha-Cha, Rumba, Samba, Walltz, Salsa, Ballet, Jazz, Hip Hop, Belly Dancing, Break Dancing, Tap Dance, Tango, Pole Dance, Street Dance.

In olden days, dance has always been performed for social reasons or even for purely aesthetic reasons. The various types of dances are also considered as an entertaining way to remain fit! Dance is the form of art, wherein the body is used as a medium of communication. All over the world people express their feelings in any form of dance or expression.

Every country has a distinctive fashion about its dance styles and these dance forms have crossed the borders. It is performed for religious reasons or simply as a hobby, any form of dance has the power to bind people together from different parts of the world.

The Ballroom dance: Is one of the most entertaining and elite styles of dancing. In the earlier days, Ballroom dance was only for the privileged class of people. This style of partner dance originated in Germany but is popular all over the world. Its performance and entertainment aspects are also widely enjoyed on stage, in film, and on television. In the United States, two additional variations “American Smooth” and “American Rhythm” have also been popularized and are commonly recognized as styles of “ballroom dance”.

Bharatnatyam: Is one of the popular Indian classical dance forms. Previously referred to as Sadir, Dasiattam and Thanjavur Natyam, it demands unconditional and complete dedication from the performer.Bharatanatyam is always performed with the knees of the dancers bent. The dance form emphasizes on the hand movements to convey different kinds of emotions to the spectator. Women wear a typical sari in the dance performance, men have bare chest and wear a dhoti-like outfit in the lower part of the body. 

Odissi: t has originated from Orissa and its history can be traced back to the 2nd century BC. The dance form has been extensively depicted in the sculptures of Brahmeswara temple and Sun Temple at Konark. Odissi is similar to Bharatnatyam in terms of the mudras and expressions used in the performance. The 'Tribhang' or the division of the body into three parts, including head, bust and torso. The performances are replete with lores of the eighth incarnation of Vishnu and his avatar of Lord Krishna. It is a soft dance backed by soothing lyrics.

Street Dance: Street dance is also commonly used specifically for the many hip hops and funk dance styles that began appearing in the United States in the 1970s, and are still alive and evolving within hip hop culture today: such as break dance, popping, locking, hip hop new style and house dance. Street dance, also called vernacular dance is an umbrella term, used to describe dance styles that evolved outside of dance studios in everyday spaces such as streets, school yards and nightclubs.
Break Dance: Is actually a form of street dance that was a part of the hip-hop culture. The many movies based on Break dance have also been an indication of its popularity. Break dance is relatively a male dominated type of dance style. This type of dance is characterized with the typical ‘battles’ between groups. The various clothing styles used while performing Break dance is a distinctive part of this form of dance.The “higher” form of hip hop, break dancing is gymnastics with a groove. Cartwheels, head spins, splits and jumps are just about a few moves that you’ll be asked to learn if you’re interested in this type of dance. While it’s commonly known as a guy thing, if you think about it, girls just have another name for break dance: cheer dancing.

Samba Dance: This beautiful and energetic dance also has many forms. The steps may differ in Samba that is danced as per the Ballroom style and the traditional style Samba. The Samba music rhythm has been danced in Brazil since its inception in the late 19th century. There is actually a set of dances, rather than a single dance, that define the Samba dancing scene in Brazil; thus, no one dance can be claimed with certainty as the “original” Samba style. Another major stream of the Samba dance besides the Brazilian Samba dancing styles is Ballroom Samba which differs significantly. Samba is a lively, rhythmical dance of Brazilian origin in 2/4 time danced under the Samba music.

Aerobics: It’s not a dance but since it still involves body movement and rhythm, let’s put it in the list all the same. A dance that prioritizes shaping your body and losing weight over choreography and style, aerobics is more suited to those who dearly need to exercise but are easily bored by the more common workouts like jogging or sweating on the treadmill. Aerobics is also a good stepping stone for the more demanding forms of dancing because it improves your coordination.

Walltz: is danced to slow beats and is an equally beautiful dance form. The Waltz dance is one of the slow and most attractive and rhythmic styles ever. When danced by the International Standard norms, this dance is performed more closely towards each other as compared to the American Style. Waltz dancers glide around the floor almost effortlessly. The American style is punctuated with lavish open movements, underarm turns, and solo spins. At 28-30 measures per minute, the tempo is slow at best, but the expressive quality of the music often invites very powerful and dynamic movement from dancers.


Belly Dancing: Belly dance is more particularly danced in nightclubs and is now also emerging as a new way to remain fit, especially for the ladies! The basic steps involve the use of circular movements by the hips with a shimmy for the shoulders. Belly dancing would require one to be really flexible. The costumes are rather bold for the ladies. This is often combined with face veils and hip belts. Belly dance is a Western term for a traditional Egyptian dance genre known as raqs sharqi or sometimes raqs baladi literally “dance of country”, and so “national” or “folk” dance. Some American devotees refer to it simply as “Middle Eastern Dance.”

Jazz dance: Its origins in the African American culture. From the olden days till date, there are many influences that have added a variety to this dance form. One can see many overlapping of steps in Jazz dance, which are similar to various other styles. The common steps in Jazz dance are the ball change, the pivot step, the toe rise, the pirouettes, Jazz walk etc. Jazz dance is basically an energetic form that is equally graceful like other dances. This type of dance can also incorporate various styles.

Salsa: It’s base in areas of Cuba and Puerto Rico and Latin America. This partner dance is a very sensual form that is known for the flirtatious and lively steps. While dancing the salsa, the couples can even perform on one spot without traveling all over the floor. The dance steps of this very beautiful dance show many influences from other dances such as the Mambo, Changui, Palo, Rumba etc. There are many other various forms of the Salsa such as the Cuban style, New York style, Colombian style and the Los Angeles style.

Shrusti Jain

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