Children’s working beyond the age of 18 is ill-legal in India and all over the world. Child’s work due to poverty. In 1979, Government formed the first committee called Gurupadswamy Committee to study the issue of child labour and to suggest measures to tackle it. The committee observed that as long as poverty continued, it would be difficult to totally eliminate child labour and hence, any attempt to abolish it through legal recourse would not be a practical proposition. The Committee felt that in the circumstances, the only alternative left was to ban child labour in hazardous areas and to regulate and see the conditions of work in other areas.Some percentage of child labour comes from harassment’s by parents or stepparents. Nearly 90% of child labour comes from rural areas who migrate from village to cities.
In 1988, the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme was launched in 9 districts of high child labour in the country. The Scheme envisages running of special schools for child labour withdrawn from work. In the special schools, these children are provided formal/non-formal education along with vocational training, a stipend of Rs.100 per month, supplementary nutrition and regular health check ups so as to prepare them to join regular mainstream schools. Under the Scheme, funds are given to the District Collectors for running special schools for child labour. Most of these schools are run by the NGO’s in the district.
It is a matter of great concern that children are not receiving education and leisure which is important for their growing years.Child labor is most rampant in Asia with 44.6 million or 13% percent of its children doing commercial work followed by Africa at 23.6 million or 26.3% which is the highest rate and Latin America at 5.1 million that is 9.8%.
In India 14.4 % children between 10 and 14 years of age are employed in child labor. in Bangladesh 30.1%, in China 11.6%,in Pakistan 17.7%, in Turkey 24%, in Cote D’lvoire 20.5%, in Egypt 11.2%, in Kenya 41.3% , in Nigeria 25.8%, in Senegal 31.4%, in Argentina 4.5%, in Brazil 16.1%, in Mexico 6.7%, in Italy 0.4% and in Portugal 1.8%. The above figures only give part of the picture. No reliable figures of child workers below 10 years of age are available, though they comprise a significant amount.
A large number of children work in cottage industries producing carpets, matches, firecrackers, bidis, brassware, diamond, glass, hosiery, hand loomed cloth, embroidery, leather goods, plastic, bangles and sporting goods. The highest number of children are found working in the agricultural sector.
The Supreme Court ruling of December 10, 1996, in an attempt to fill the loopholes left in previous legislation and to bring in judicial activism to social issues ordered the setting up of a fund for the child workers aimed at controlling and eventually eliminating child labour across the length and breadth of the entire country.
It doesn’t matter somehow how many laws are made or passed but child labour is still penetrating all over the world and India. We can see child’s working in Dhaba’s, Small scale Factories, Houses as maid or servants. We can see kids acting in television work for many hour and get tired as they have less strength as elders. We can say that this is also a type of child labour.
Who is responsible for child labour?
Poverty and illiteracy the only reason for child labour?
Are the goverment taking strict action to save child labour?