CM Mayawati promises justice and peace in UP

It’s a historic day for Indian politics – a woman took oath as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh after winning an unprecedented social mandate. After taking oath, Mayawati gave a stern message to her opponents that the BSP government would not brook communal violence and withdraw security of criminal elements.

Political Carrier of Mayawati

She entered the Parliament for the first time by winning the Bijnor Lok Sabha seat in 1989 general elections. Ms. Mayawati was successively elected to the Lok Sabha in 1998 and 1999 elections from the Akbarpur (Reserved) constituency.
Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
Member, Consultative Committee, ministry of communication.
She became member of the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh in 1994. 
Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
She won the assembly election in October 1996 and 2002.
She became the Chief Minister of U.P. for the first time on June 3, 1995 and remained in office till October 17, 1995. She held the office of the Chief Minister for the second time from March 21, 1997 to September 21, 1997. She held the office of chief minister for the third time on 3-5-2002 to 29-8-2003
Member Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly in 1996 and 2002.
Member, General Purpose Committee in 1998-1999.
On February 2002 she was elected to the Vidhan Sabha from the Haraura constituency in Saharanpur and Jahangirganj constituency in Ambedkarnagar district. She later vacated Jahangirganj seat.
After her election to the Vidhan Sabha, she resigned from the Lok Sabha seat. Vidhan Sabha Seat resigned on dated 28-08-2003
The President of the Bahujan Samaj Party, Mr. Kanshi Ram, has declared Ms. Mayawati as his successor at the party’s Virat Maharally
Now Ms. Mayawati is the president of the BSP Party.

Fundamental Rights of India Citizen

Fundamental Rights are those rights which are considered necessary for the development of the personality of an Individual. They are included in the constitution so that every citizen can enjoy them and no one is able to encroach upon them. Fundamental Rights as given in our constitution.

1. Right to equality:- (Equal opportunity for all) The right to equality is one of the six rights that have been granted to us. In the Indian Constitution this right have been described as: The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment; or the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public. Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children. Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.  

2. Right to freedom:- The right to freedom is one of the most important fundamental right that have been granted to us by the founders of Indian Constitution. This right allow every citizen of India to be free from the ancient form of slavery. This fundamental right is described in the constitution as: All citizens shall have the right-

To freedom of speech and expression
To assemble peaceably and without arms
To form associations or unions
To move freely throughout the territory of India
To reside and settle in any part of the territory of India
To practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business. 

3. Cultural and Educational Rights:- The Cultural and Educational Rights is one of the six fundamental right that have been granted to us in the Indian Constitution. This right allow every citizen of India to have a cultural and education upto where that person wants. This fundamental right is described in the constitution as: Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part there of having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same. No citizen shall be denied admission into any educational institution maintained by the State or receiving aid out of State funds on grounds only of religion, race, caste, language or any of them. All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. In making any law providing for the compulsory acquisition of any property of any educational institution established and administered by a minority, referred to in clause (1), the State shall ensure that the amount fixed by or determined under such law for the acquisition of such property is such as would not restrict or abrogate the right guaranteed under that clause. The State shall not, in granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language.  

4. Right to Religious Freedom:- The right to freedom of religion allows Indian citizens to choose any religion that he / she wants to choose. This fundamental right was chosen after lot of thought regarding the process of person choosing his / her own religion. Every person in India shall have the freedom of conscience and shall have the right to profess, practice and propagate religion, subject to the restrictions that may be imposed by the State on the following grounds, namely:- (1) Public order, morality and health; (2) Other provisions of the Constitution; (3) Regulation of non-religious activity associated with religious practise; (4) Social welfare and reform; (5) Throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes of Hindus.

5. Right Against Exploitation:-

The right against exploitation allows Indian citizens to stand up against any kind of exploitation that he/ she might be going through. This fundamental right is described in the constitution as: Article 23:- Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.-

(1) Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law. (2) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from imposing compulsory service for public purposes, and in imposing such service the State shall not make any discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste or class or any of them.

Article 24:- Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.- No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

6. Right to Constitutional Remedies:-

Right to constitutional remedies empowers the citizens to move a court of law in case of any denial of the fundamental rights. For instance, in case of imprisonment, the citizen can ask the court to see if it is according to the provisions of the law of the country. If the court finds that it is not, the person will have to be freed. This procedure of asking the courts to preserve or safeguard the citizens’ fundamental rights can be done in various ways. The courts can issue various kinds of writs. These writs are habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari. When a national or state emergency is declared, this right is suspended by the central government.

UP to get single party govt after 14 years

Lucknow, May 11: Uttar Pradesh will usher in single party rule after 14 years with the thumping victory of the Mayawati-led BSP bringing coalition politics to an end. BSP reached the crucial 202 mark in the 403-member house as the results of the assembly polls were announced today.

Riding on the Ram wave, Kalyan Singh led the last single party government when BJP assumed office on June 24, 1991. The government was dismissed on December 6, 1992 by the Centre following demolition of the Babri Masjid at Ayodhya. The assembly elections in 1993 saw Samajwadi Party and BSP fighting the polls together and had won 175 seats. Though the BJP had won 177 seats, the Congress and the Janata Dal extended support to the SP-BSP alliance which resulted in anointment of Yadav as the Chief Minister of the state was short lived and the two parties turned bitter foes after the attack on the BSP supremo Mayawati in 1995 following her withdrawal of support to the SP government.

The assembly polls, that followed soon after were held under the President`s rule in 1996 saw BSP forging an alliance with the Congress and bagging 67 seats while the Congress had to contend with only 33 seats. The BJP had in 1996 won 176 seats and emerged as the single largest party but yet it could not form the government as no party was ready to support it. The BJP and BSP, however, stitched an alliance about seven months after the polls on the basis of six monthly rotational formula. BSP leader Mayawati became the Chief Minister for the first six months but later broke the alliance throwing the state into political turmoil once again. A split in the BSP later saw BJP catapulting to power again with Kalyan Singh heading the government. Singh, however, had to later leave the post following internal dissension in the BJP and Ram Prakash Gupta assumed the reigns of the state only to later pave the way for Rajnath Singh. Meanwhile, Kalyan Singh had left the BJP and formed his own Rashtriya Kranti Party (RKP).

The assembly elections in 2002 saw SP emerging as the single largest party with 143 seats followed by the BSP with 98 and the BJP with 88 seats. After two months of President`s rule in the state, the BJP and BSP stitched another alliance and Mayawati once again became the Chief Minister of the state. The alliance was, however, short lived as she resigned after being indicted in the Taj heritage corridor scam by the apex court and institution of a CBI probe. The BSP once again split albeit in a controversial manner and Mulayam Singh Yadav became the Chief Minister of the state in August 2003 with the help of Independents and RKP besides the BSP`s splinter group numbering 37.

Almost all the pre and post poll surveys had predicted a hung assembly in the state again but the voters appeared to have made up their mind to end the political instability once and for all giving Mayawati another chance to don the mantle of the state all alone with no alliance partner. It remains to be seen, however, if Mayawati`s newly stitched upper caste-Dalit combination is able to give a stable government. Mayawati breaks coalition jinx Coalition governments had dominated the political landscape in Uttar Pradesh since Kalyan Singh`s BJP government was dismissed on December 6, 1992 after the Babri mosque demolition. Following is the history of coalition governments in Uttar Pradesh till Mayawati`s BSP stormed to power on its own today. Mulayam Singh Yadav Coalition: SP-BSP Duration: 05.12.93 to 03.06.95 Mayawati Coalition: BSP-BJP Duration: 03.06.95 to 17.10.95 (President`s rule imposed) Mayawati Coalition: BSP-BJP Duration: 21.03.97 to 21.09.97 Kalyan Singh Coalition: BJP + Alliance Duration: 21.09.97 to 11.11.99 Ram Prakash Gupta Coalition: BJP + Alliance Duration: 12.11.99 to 28.10.2000 Rajnath Singh Coalition: BJP + Alliance Duration: 28.10.2000 to 07.03.2002 (President`s rule imposed) Mayawati Coalition: BSP-BJP Duration: 03.05.2002 to 28.08.03 Mulayam Singh Yadav Coalition: SP + Alliance Duration: 29.08.03 till date

Mayawati’s political journey

Mayawati born in Delhi on January 15, 1956 the daughter of Prabhu Das, a humble Telecon Department clerk, her rise to prominence in politics has been nothing less than phenomenal.
Her family home in Badalpur is long gone and is replaced by a mansion. Her old village also wears signs of new prosperity.
”She belongs to the oppressed class and knows what it is like being discriminated against. She has experienced it,” said Panna Lal, Resident, Badalpur.

Following a career in Law, Mayawati fell for the Civil Services dream. But this was when she met Kanshi Ram, who was running BAMSEF, an employees’ federation.
It was at that time that a 22-year-old Mayawati was drawn by Kanshi Ram’s appeal for Dalit pride and left her home.
In 1984, Kanshi Ram started the BSP – the beginning of a new Dalit consolidation – and Mayawati was in step with her mentor all the way.
So it was no surprise when on December 15, 2001 Kashi Ram declared 45-year-old Mayawati as his political heir.
On September 18, 2003, when Mayawati took over as BSP’s National President, Kanshi Ram was ailing.

About India

The Republic of India (Hindi भारत गणराज्य Bhārata Gaṇarājya; see also other names), commonly known as India, is a sovereign country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, has a coastline of over 7000 kilometres.
It borders Pakistan to the west;[1] China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia. Home to the Indus Valley civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated here, while Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region’s variegated culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by Great Britain from the mid-nineteenth century, India became a modern nation-state in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread use of nonviolent resistance as a means of social protest. With the world’s 12th largest economy by exchange rates and the 4th largest in purchasing power, India has made rapid economic progress in the last decade. Although the country’s standard of living is projected to rise sharply in the next half-century, it currently battles high levels of poverty, illiteracy, persistent malnutrition, and environmental degradation. A pluralistic, multi-lingual, multi-ethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

Indian Politics

Politics of India takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of India is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government.
Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. According to its constitution, India is a “sovereign social secular democratic republic;” the largest state with a democratically-elected government. Like the United States, India has a federal form of government, however, the central government in India has greater power in relation to its states, and its central government is patterned after the British parliamentary system. Regarding the former, “the Centre”, the national government, can and has dismissed state governments if no majority party or coalition is able to form a government or under specific Constitutional clauses, and can impose direct federal rule known as President’s rule.